Status:  locally common resident

Flights:  1, Jul-Oct


Distribution/known sites in Monterey County:  widespread in foothills and mountains; Arroyo Seco, Fort Ord, Garrapata SP, Bottcher’s Gap, Priest Valley, W. Pinnacles


Habitats:  arid, open regions; chaparral, open oak woodland, sparse grasslands, dunes

Host plants: buckwheats (Eriogonum)

Adult foodbuckwheats, yellow-flowered composites like Senecio and rabbitbrush


Conservation: ssp. langei, Antioch dunes of CA, endangered due to loss of habitat


Remarks: 

  1.   adults fast and erratic in flight

  2.   walk about on flowers, mechanically opening and closing wings

  3.   may be more than one ssp. in MCO - look for Behr’s metalmark (A. m. virgulti) in s. MCO - may be separate species, flies spring/early summer

  4.   highly variable; sexes similar

 
 

Mormon metalmark Apodemia mormo

Life history facts


egg: laid in groups of 2-4 on lower leaves of host plant, or singly on other parts of plant

larva: rest during day in shelters of leaves tied together with silk, emerge at night to feed; young caterpillars feed on leaves, older caterpillars on leaves and stems

pupa:

adult:  males perch in hillside hollows to watch for females

priest valley area

8-18-08