Status:    rare resident?

Flights:  1-2?, Jan-Dec?


Distribution/known sites in Monterey County:  historical records only; no known sites or recent records


Habitats:  coniferous/mixed woods near streams; wanders to other habitats

Host plants:  currants

Adult foodflower nectar, more than other commas


Conservation: secure globally


Remarks: 

  1.   rare in c. CA, small numbers

  2.   some sources, e.g., USGS, show no occurrence in MCO

  3.   western pops., zephyr comma, may be separate species

  4.   adults overwinter, summer to following spring, then mate

  5.   HW lacks black central spot of satyr comma; small comma mark on HW UN has fishhook shape; grayish-brown UN. often with faint yellow spots parallel to wing margin

 
 

Hoary comma

Polygonia gracilis zephyrus

Life history facts


egg: laid on petioles and underside of host plant leaves

larva: eats leaves, rests underneath

pupa:

adult:  in afternoon, perches on plants in valley bottoms to seek females

El Dorado Co.

9-3-2004