Status:  rare stray; temp. colonist?

Flights:  1?, Jan-Nov?

Distribution/known sites in Monterey County:  three recent records - urban areas of Salinas, Aromas

Habitats:  city gardens, desert, brushy fields, woodland edge

Host plants:  introduced passion vine spp.

Adult foodnectar from lantana, shepherd’s needle, composites

Conservation: none needed


  1.   fast, steady flight, shallow wingbeats, well above ground

  2.   range expanded north due to cultivated plantings

  3.   sexes similar


Gulf fritillary Agraulis vanillae

Life history facts

egg: laid on many parts of host plant

larva: feed on most parts of host


adult:  overwinters in south; males patrol for females

big cypress NP, FL