Status:    common resident

Flights:  2+, Jan-Dec


Distribution/known sites in Monterey County:  widespread throughout


Habitats:  open areas - fields, roadsides, gardens

Host plants:  plantain (Plantago major), ribwort (P. lanceolata), monkeyflower, owl’s clover

Adult foodboth sexes nectar at variety of nectar flowers - composites, heliotropes, clovers; sometimes puddle


Conservation: secure globally


Remarks: 

  1.   courting pair may flutter high into air, return to ground to mate

  2.   adult may overwinter, appear on warm days

  3.   some northward movement in summer

  4.   caterpillars obtain toxins (iridoid glycosides) from host plants, which deter predatory ants

  5.   eyespots may scare predators

  6.   summer/fall form (rosa) has reddish/purplish UN HW

 
 

Common buckeye

Junonia coenia

Life history facts


egg: laid singly on leaf buds or upperside of host plant leaves

larva:  solitary, eats leaves; occ overwinters

pupa:

adult:  overwinters; males defend display territories, attack anything passing by, follow receptive female closely; often sits on bare ground

soberanes creek

8-26-06