Status:    common resident

Flights:  2+, Jan-Dec

Distribution/known sites in Monterey County:  widespread throughout

Habitats:  open areas - fields, roadsides, gardens

Host plants:  plantain (Plantago major), ribwort (P. lanceolata), monkeyflower, owl’s clover

Adult foodboth sexes nectar at variety of nectar flowers - composites, heliotropes, clovers; sometimes puddle

Conservation: secure globally


  1.   courting pair may flutter high into air, return to ground to mate

  2.   adult may overwinter, appear on warm days

  3.   some northward movement in summer

  4.   caterpillars obtain toxins (iridoid glycosides) from host plants, which deter predatory ants

  5.   eyespots may scare predators

  6.   summer/fall form (rosa) has reddish/purplish UN HW


Common buckeye

Junonia coenia

Life history facts

egg: laid singly on leaf buds or upperside of host plant leaves

larva:  solitary, eats leaves; occ overwinters


adult:  overwinters; males defend display territories, attack anything passing by, follow receptive female closely; often sits on bare ground

soberanes creek