Status:  fairly common resident

Flights:  1, Apr-Aug

Distribution/known sites in Monterey County:  widespread in foothills and mountains, except SE county: Robinson Cyn. Rd., Arroyo Seco, Chew’s Ridge, Fremont Pk., Chalone Pks., Big Creek Reserve

Habitats:  open hillsides, chaparral, varies with ssp.

Host plants: violets (only V. pedunculata?)

Adult foodthistles, Monardella, Salvia

Conservation: coastal n. CA pop (S. c. callippe) endangered


  1.   in many areas first fritillary to fly each new season

  2.   16 ssp; Comstock’s fritillary (S.c. comstockii) in MCO

  3.   swift fliers

  4.   FW veins heavily edged black, pale spots show thru wings, esp. fem.; coastal CA, more black, highly contrasting pale spots above; HW marginal spots below more triangular-shaped, usually bordered inwardly by only thin, dark border


Callippe fritillary Speyeria callippe

Life history facts

egg: laid haphazardly near host plants, e.g., under shrubs where violets appear in spring

larva: nocturnal; first stage hibernates unfed until spring, then feeds on violet leaves


adult:  in CA males patrol grassy slopes, avoid hilltops

toro park